Drug abuse is a serious problem that authorities and social workers have to contend with globally. Research indicates that there are many factors that lead individuals into drug abuse. The primary reasons for drug abuse include peer pressure, inquisitiveness, idleness, relief from anxiety and sensory satisfaction. The problem cannot be entirely resolved by subduing drug trafficking only. The war against the abuse of drugs cannot be won easily. However, there are strategies that can be employed to help drug addicts overcome the problem and return to normal social life. This is in consideration that drug abuse affects the individual and consequently the society. The realization that drug abusers have different motivation for abusing drugs makes it essential to help them recover from their situation. It is equally imperative to help the individuals return to normal life through the integration into the society .
The consequences of drug abuse may be generally categorized into three major classes. These are social, mental and physical effects. Drug abusers expose themselves to elevated risk of contracting communicable diseases. Individuals who abuse drugs often lose consciousness and are insensitive to those around them including families and friends who do not use similar or other types of drugs. The relationships with families and friends are ruined. As a result, the individuals become isolated. Often, the individuals only interact with fellow drug abusers .
Most drug abusers often have chaotic home environment. Teenagers who abuse drugs lack the authority to express themselves at home. They get confused and this results into drug abuse to forget the troubles and sufferings they face in their families. Adults on the other hand may abuse drugs for sensory satisfaction or relief boredom. The adults are more susceptible to drug addiction particularly when they are financially stable hence can afford the drugs. They isolate themselves from the society once they use the drugs. Adults who cannot afford the drugs are a menace to the society. They may result into stealing to afford the drugs hence creating conflicts in the society. As individuals continue to use drugs, the body gets used to it and the urge to consume drugs increases. Eventually, the individual becomes addicted to the drug. In fact, the individual forfeits conscious control of their situation. This means that they cannot function without the drug. At this point, the interaction between the individual and the rest of the society is strained. Majority of drug addicts are difficult to cope with (Nutt 5).
Integrating rehabilitated drug addicts is the most difficult part in the process of kicking out the habit. Finding friends and regaining the confidence of family members and the society is challenging for the victim. Naturally, once a person is incarcerated or is identified as a drug addict, the person is labeled untrustworthy and unreliable (Orr par. 15). Rehabilitated addicts require participating in productive social activities. Rehabilitation programs involve the teaching of the addict to learn new action arrangements. The programs are designed to train the addict new techniques of interaction in a drug-free atmosphere. It takes the addict concerted effort to make new friends and reassure old friends that they are indeed rehabilitated.
Religious organizations and volunteer groups present the rehabilitated addicts with the opportunity for social networking. However, this is not always easy for the victim. The individuals are rarely trusted. It may take years for an individual to regain the trust from those around him or her. People are often concerned that the individual may return to drugs. When the individual was addicted to drugs that require injecting, they will speculate about their HIV/AIDs status. As such, the individual may be stigmatized and relapse to drugs. The road to full recovery and acceptance in social circles demands perseverance. One must be dedicated to remaining clean (Bergmark and Söderquist 182).
The society comprise of different individuals. Some will discourage the rehabilitated addict while others are supportive. It is imperative for the individual to be aware of these facts. Irrespective of the level of addiction, rehabilitated addicts can return to their normal social lives. It is vital to understand that most individuals do not destroy their families intentionally. They do not select to get into financial ruins or lose self-respect. Once people understand this perspective, it will be relatively easier to help rehabilitated drug addicts return to normal social life. Drug addicts rarely seek treatment. In most cases, it is relative or a caring individual that forces the abuser to reform. This often happens after an incident under the influence of drug has occurred. It is important for those around a rehabilitated addict to be aware of the initial cause of drug abuse and assist the individual to avoid similar situations.