Nevertheless, before the discovery of oil people still used to run their lives normally. Therefore, a society without oil would not totally terminate the normal way of life. This is because there are other alternatives such as nuclear energy, wind energy, gas and electricity (Urry, 2013). One instance that led to people opting for the alternatives is the rising price of oil as well as its products. For that reason, in theory, the society can survive and push on with normal life without oil.
In reference to studies, there is no guarantee that there will be a parallel shift to a society without oil. Though alternative technologies would develop, in most cases they could be substantially more costly than oil. This would significantly bring about a negative impact particularly to the developing countries. The low income countries would greatly suffer from even the slightest increase in transport cost (Gilbert et al., 2010). On the other hand, they would not also afford to completely employ the use of alternative methods such as nuclear energy. This is as a result of lack of skills on the alternative technologies.
Running out of oil would mean that a decline in the growth of economy as well as the living standards due to the increase expenditure in the alternatives. Lack of oil would also mean a rise in the price of oil by-products such as plastics and tar. This would affect the whole economy in a great way since things such as packaging, which is broadly by use of plastics, would be affected. This would lead to raised prices of products packaged with plastics cans and bags. On the other hand, use of alternative methods such as use of metallic cans would emerge. This method is life threatening since it makes consumers vulnerable to ingestion of heavy metals, which is detrimental to their health.
Nevertheless, a society without oil would mean a lot to the environment. Use of oil as well as its processing is one of the key contributors to environment pollution. For instance, use of oil in form of petrol and leaded petroleum in vehicles. This results to pollution of the air via the smoke emission through exhaust tubes. Transportation of oil by use of sea tankers sometimes results to leakage in the sea (Haley, 2003). Consequently, the sea water is contaminated resulting to killing of the sea animals such as fish. However, some fish do not die at instant, but when they ingest such oil, through the food chain it gets to the human being. This sometimes is health threatening to human health especially when such fish are consumed.
There is a call for appropriate use of oil; this will help in reducing chances of it being deprived from its reservoirs. Polices as well as interventions that ought to guide oil mining and used also to be put across and implemented. This would ensure effective use of oil. Recycling of plastics and oil by products would also be an effective way to safe guard oil extinction.