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Cyber Crime

23 September 2014 By In Blogs

Crime is not a new phenomenon, and the term has occasionally been used to refer to the commission of an act that the law already forbids or simply it can be said to be an act that violates the law. However, cybercrime is a new category of crime fueled by the increased number of inventions and innovations in the computer world. Several terms are used interchangeably to refer to cybercrime include and are not limited to; spamming, cyber stalking, hacking, cyber bullying and phishing (Henson, Reyns & Fisher, 2011). There has been no universal definition for cybercrime implying that there are different definitions of the term, but the understandings are all converging. The general understanding of term cybercrime is any activity that involves the use of computers and networks in order to commit a crime and extends to include traditional crimes accomplished through the usage of the internet. The paper aims at discussing the different categories of cybercrime, drivers of cybercrime, and implications of cybercrime.


Over the past few years, cybercrime has been growing at a very fast rate and many hackers are now widely and exploitatively been using the internet in carrying out both minor and major crimes owing to its speed, accessibility and anonymity. Cybercrime encompasses many types of crimes that can be categorized into three main categories dating back to the mid-90s. Firstly the crime in which the computer is the incidental gadget in the commissioning of the crime. Secondly the computer is used as a tool for carrying out the crime. Third involves crimes whereby the computer is used as the target of committing an offence (Brenner, 2010).

There are many factors that act as key drivers that facilitate the widespread of cybercrime and the one topping the list is the advancement in technology. The cyber criminals are making use of the advanced technologies to develop sophisticated applications such as malicious software eventually leading to cybercrime syndicates. The criminals can use their cyber security knowledge to attack computer networks thereby interfering with any private data. Secondly, governments have failed the necessary mechanisms to put in place adequate measures that can be employed in dealing with criminal activities (Marion, 2010). Third, some of the criminal activities conducted in the cyber space have been politically motivated whereby some political leaders have taken the advantage of the cybercrime to execute sabotage and espionage through the cyber space. Human errors have also created loopholes where cyber criminals can get access to the systems (Zeng, 2011).

Any successful criminal activity in the cyberspace may have far reaching impacts; it can make an individual, group, organization or the government to lose their property. Secondly, there will be loss in the customer’s confidence and trust either on the hacked site or the whole internet. Third, there may be issues of financial losses. In fact, according to research, the society and the government loses huge amounts of money every year following crimes committed in the cyberspace (Rowley, 2014).

From the above discussion, it is clear that a cybercrime is a serious offense whereby the computer is the target or the tool of committing, or both. It is a type of crime that has been fast-growing over the past few years owing to the ever emerging technological changes and developments. It has been facilitated by several factors that are not only limited to technological developments. Finally, it has impacted negatively to the society whereby for instance, it has made the society and the government to incur huge losses ranging from hundreds of thousands to billions of money on an annual basis.

Read 1406 times Last modified on Tuesday, 23 September 2014 10:22
Bravia Research International

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You are here: Home Blog Cyber Crime