To start with, military forces are crucial in any particular country or state. Normally, these forces are divided into three categories; the army, air force, and the navy. The navy in particular is responsible for the coastline security. Since the United States is the strongest state, it is expected to have the most equipped military forces. With this regard, this analysis offers a deeper explanation of the US navy with an inclusion of their functions, limitations, capabilities, and mission statement.
The United States Coast Guard, denoted as USCG, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces. They work together with the army and are mostly called upon in times of war (Braulick, 2005). Other than this, they are responsible for the well-being of the US ports, international waters, as well as the coastal and inland waterways. Therefore, the navy’s responsibility is to maintain security in the water bodies by conducting patrols in these waters and ports through gathering and analyzing intelligence. They use this intelligence to assess possible vulnerabilities of the waters and terrorist attacks. This shows that they are always ready to counter any detected attacks from the enemies. In addition, they empower defense readiness by taking part in military operations all over the world and mainly in supporting positions.
Furthermore, it is among their many roles to control illegal immigration by intercepting and detaining illegal immigrants travelling by water. This is achieved by the use of ships and aircrafts that patrol the waters randomly to avoid detection by such lawbreakers. This team is also popular for its efforts in search and rescue operations. An advanced and reliable emergency-response station and system of communication is always ready for those in danger. Besides the technological facet, enough lifesavers and divers armed with good equipment also stand by awaiting unforeseen cases of emergencies. Moreover, by assisting navigation through the management and monitoring of US waterways, they ensure that traffic flows smoothly in an efficient and safe manner (Braulick, 2005).
The Coast Guards and US Navy engage in marine environmental protection where they prevent and hastily respond to chemical attacks and oil spills. In an effort to prevent oil and waste spillage, they stop illegal dumping in waters and attempt to curtail the extinction of endangered animal and plant species. The USCG further maintains marine safety by setting and strongly implementing safety standards through conducting thorough inspections of the commercial vessels using both American and international waters.
On the other hand, the USCG faces several challenges and limitations despite their illustrated roles in the American coastal lines. The most pressing challenge is that they do not have enough funds to sustain their budget as mentioned by Braulick (2005). The many roles they are responsible for require financial assistance to execute. Based on their tactics and machinery, they require a certain amount of money only half of which the American government is able to support. With this kind of financial limitation, it becomes difficult to choose between what roles to put first, and what others to put on hold. In the end, they find themselves in a position of willing to assist in some areas, but they do not have that ability to help because of financial constraints.
Successively, the navy falls short of combatants from time to time because of insufficient recruiting exercises meant to replace the injured, deceased, or resigning colleagues. Recruiting more members becomes a challenge because there is no sufficient money to pay them once they enroll. Most people in the coastal guard are known to resign due to financial problems thus opting to seek for better-paying jobs (Braulick, 2005). Having few members lowers the quality of services provided since most members will be overworked in an attempt to meet the targets and objectives set. As a result, the government rushes in in times of emergencies and uses more money to save the situation than it would have used to prevent it by preparing the United States Coastal Guards. Most importantly, the mission statement, to provide maritime security and safety not to mention environmental stewardship, guides the United States Navy and Coast Guards’ operations.
Braulick, C. A. (2005). The U.S. Coast Guard. Mankato, Minn: Capstone Press.